Resources, Credits

Information on Native American Heritage in Arkansas was compiled from the following sources:


DuVal, Kathleen, The Native Ground: Indians and Colonists in the Heart of the
Continent (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2006)
Sabo III, George, Paths of Our Children: Historic Indians of Arkansas
(Fayetteville, Ark.: Arkansas Archeological Survey, 1992, revised ed. 2001)
Sabo III, George and Deborah Sabo, eds., Rock Art in Arkansas
(Fayetteville, Ark.: Arkansas Archeological Survey, 2005)
Gifts of the Great River: Arkansas Effigy Pottery from the Edwin Curtiss Collection
House, John H, Gifts of the Great River: Arkansas Effigy Pottery from the Edwin Curtiss Collection
(Peabody Museum Collection Series, 2005)


The Honorable Morris Arnold
Dr. Paul Austin, Executive Director, Arkansas Humanities Council
Lois Bethards, Executive Director, American Indian Center of Arkansas
Dr. Jamie Brandon, Research Station Archeologist, Arkansas Archeological Survey
Rebecca L. Brave, Cultural Program Coordinator and Librarian,
Wah-Zha-Zhi Cultural Center, Osage Nation
Troy Poteete, Executive Director, Trail of Tears Association


Caddo Nation of Oklahoma (
Cherokee Nation (
Osage Nation (
Quapaw Tribe (Oh-Gah-Pah) of Oklahoma (

Photo Credits:

Front Cover: Stouts Point on Petit Jean Mountain, photography by Josue Enriquez
Introduction Page: The Little Red River and Sugarloaf Mountain
Charlie Quapaw (UALR Center for Arkansas History and Culture)
Making of a Cherokee Basket by Virginia Stroud, 2005 (Sequoyah National Research Center)
Head Effigy Vessel (Hampson Archeological State Park)
Native American Percussion Instruments (Arkansas State University Museum)

This booklet is not meant to be a comprehensive resource of Native American sites, information and history in Arkansas, but a selection – and a place to begin. The visitor is encouraged to further pursue the subject by exploring in depth the places identified here.