Sheridan is 30 miles south of Little Rock via U.S. 167. The community is somewhat a rarity in that it is a Southern town named for a Union general -- General Phillip Sheridan. The city's history begins with the creation of Grant County, which was formed in 1869 from parts of Jefferson, Hot Spring and Saline counties. It was named for the newly elected president and former Union general, Ulysses S. Grant.
A portion of the Civil War in Arkansas took place approximately 10 miles southwest of Sheridan at Jenkins' Ferry on the Saline River. This was the final battle in the Red River Campaign, the Confederacy's last stand in the state. The defeat of the Southerners at the Battle of Jenkins' Ferry allowed Federal troops to escape and regroup at Little Rock.
Jenkins' Ferry Battleground State Park, along with Poison Springs and Marks' Mill State Parks, comprise the Red River Campaign National Historic Landmark. The state park at Jenkins' Ferry features interpretive exhibits, picnic sites, a pavilion (no electricity), swimming area and a launch ramp on the Saline River.
Timber has long played an important role in the Sheridan economy with towering pines found throughout the region. This heritage is honored the first weekend of October with the annual Timberfest celebration. Highlight of the event is the Arkansas State Lumberjack Competition which has received national recognition.
Downtown is centered by the historic court house square featuring to the classic brick county court house, has restored buildings and older homes. The Grant County Museum and Heritage Square preserves and interprets the history of the county. It features an extensive collection of memorabilia, records and structures situated on five acres near the heart of downtown.
The scenic Saline River flows through portions of the county and is a popular float and fishing stream. Dense forests line the banks and wildlife can be spotted along the way. Various types of bass, Arkansas walleye, channel catfish and panfish are waiting for anglers.