Nashville, AR is located in Howard County at the base of the Ouachita foothills, around 130 miles from the city of Little Rock. One of the largest dinosaur trackways in the world was discovered a few miles from town. The town was once a major center for peach trade in the state. Today, cattle and chicken farming are the main industries. Howard County was created in 1873 from parts of Hempstead, Sevier, Polk and Pike Counties. Center Point was the County Seat until 1905, when it was moved to Nashville.

The town once had three railroads, a Missouri Pacific branch from Nashville that ran from Ashdown to Hot Springs. This railroad was broken up in 1922 forming the Graysonia Nashville and Ashdown (GN&A) route which ran from Nashville to Ashdown and the Murfreesboro Nashville Southwestern line (MNSW) from Nashville to Murfreesboro. This later became the Murfreesboro-Nashville railroad which folded in 1952. The GN&A was sold to Kansas City Southern in the early 2000s. 

A large find of dinosaur trackways (a path of preserved footprints) was discovered in 1983 by an archeology grad student in a mine a few miles from town. The tracks were of sauropods. The trackway, which may be the largest in the world, held between 5,000 and 10,000 assorted tracks and scientists believe the footprints may have been made as long as 100 million years ago in the early Cretaceous period. The original trackway is gone and only a few individual tracks were removed and preserved but visitors can view reproductions of molds of the footprints at several museums in Arkansas. The trackway is now considered a landmark discovery that influenced both the scientific study of sauropods and other dinosaur trackways.

Around town, there are many family-friendly spots for visitors to enjoy. The Howard County Courthouse was built in 1938 and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Nashville City Park offers trails to walk. Elberta Arts Center exhibits the works of local residents as well as artists from all over the state. Southwest Arkansas Super Speedway race track where pure and street stocks, modifieds, sportsman and bombers can race on a three-eighths mile banked clay oval. Nashville was home to the first Dillard's Department Store. Visitors can see the old building on Main Street where William Dillard began his business. The city of Nashville, Arkansas is located near Historic Washington State Park, a popular cultural landmark, and Crater of Diamonds State Park, where people can dig for real diamonds.